The U.S. Court of Appeals, citing the administrative search exception, approve mass urinalysis procedures in the public workplace

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The United State’s Third Circuit Court of Appeals, citing the administrative search exception, approved, for the first time, mass urinalysis procedures in the public workplace. In Shoemaker v Handel [795 F. 2d. 1136 [3rd cir. 1986] five well-known jockeys brought action challenging New Jersey Racing Commission regulations requiring all official jockeys, trainers or grooms to submit to breathalyzers and urine testing. The jockeys argued that such testing was unreasonable and thus unconstitutional, absent of individualized suspicion. The Third Circuit Court disagreed stating that “warrantless searches or seizures by voluntary participants in [a] highly [state] regulated industry… are reasonable” and that “The states’s interest in the revenue generated by wagering and the vulnerability of the industry to untoward influences” overrides the individual’s constitutional right to privacy