Drug Testing History
In the Board of Education v. Earls the U.S. Supreme Court expands suspicionless student drug testing for all students who wish to participate in any extracurricular activities
Following Earls student Drug Testing Skyrockets
DATIA surveyed its members to determine the extent of increased student drug testing by schools across the nation in the wake of the Supreme Court’s decision upholding drug testing of students in extracurricular activities. While the association expected to see an increase in student testing programs of 5% over the first year, the survey found an increase of 10% just three months after the court’s decision.
Annual Drug Testing Revenues Top $700 million dollars
According to US News & World Report 20 to 25 million Americans are drug-tested annually in the United States. Although 8% of tests that come back positive after an initial screen; follow-up tests confirm only half of those results. It is believed that 61% of major U.S. companies administer pre-employment drug tests and it is estimated that the annual revenues of the drug-testing industry are $737 million.
The U.S. Congress overwhelmingly approves legislation encouraging states to drug test all teenage driver’s license applicants
The Drug and Alcohol Testing Industry Association ( DATIA) is founded.
DATIA, The Drug and Alcohol Testing Industry Association, is founded with it stated mission to work closely with and influence key policy makers in Federal Agencies and in Congress. Today, DATIA has grown to represent over 1,100 members from all facets of the drug and alcohol testing industry. www.datia.org
Psychemedics has over 2,000 corporate customers nationwide
Anheuser Busch, makers of Budweiser beer, Miller beer, and many other brands, begins a policy of drug-testing in the workplace
In a notable irony, Anheuser Busch, makers of Budweiser beer, [Miller beer], and many other brands, maintains a policy of drug-testing in the workplace. Urinalysis remains its primary method of testing although it also employs hair-testing on an experimental basis. Anheuser Busch requires pre-employment screening of all it potential employees and also does periodic testing of current employees in order to “identify employees who may need assistance in dealing with illegal drugs” Meanwhile, According to the federal National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, in 1996 an estimated 110,640 people in the US died due to alcohol. Twenty-one percent of violent felons in state prisons committed their crimes while under the influence of alcohol alone. Federal research also shows that alcohol use was a behavioral factor during the crime for more than 40% of convicted murderers being held in either jail or State prison.
The U.S. Supreme Court allows the Veronia School District in the State of Washington to require suspicionless, mass urinalysis for high school and junior high school athletes.
The U.S. Supreme Courts, citing a drug crisis that has reached “epidemic proportions”, rules in favor of a Veronia, Washington School District law mandating mass urinalysis for all high school and junior high school athletes regardless of individual suspicion. The “epidemic” drug use cited in the petition before the court resulted in only twelve positive drug tests in four and a half years since Veronia’s mandatory urinalysis program had been instituted.